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Topical Index

American Revolution
Biblical criticism
Chapel Libraries
Church and State Relationship
Comparative religion
Denominational Press
Family History
History and Biography
International Unitarian Links
Lay preaching
Legal issues
Liturgy and Worship
Medicine and Nursing
Natural sciences
Psychical Studies
Religious Census
Social factors
French Revolution
Sunday Schools
Unitarian definition
Unitarians and Evangelicals
War and peace
Women’s History

American Revolution

Bonwick, C. C. ‘English Dissenters and the American Revolution’ in H. C. Allan and Roger Thompson ed. Contrast and Connection (Ohio University Press, 1976) Payne, Ernest A. ‘Nonconformists and the American Revolution’ The Journal of the United Reformed Church History Society 1:8 (October 1976) 210-227


Betjeman, John First and last loves (London, John Murray 1952 and 1969) [chapter 10 ‘Nonconformist architecture’]

Briggs, Martin S. Puritan architecture and its future (London, Lutterworth Press, 1946)

Drummond, Andrew L. ‘The architectural interest of the English meeting house’ Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects volume 45 3rd series (1938) 909-917

Godfrey, W. H. ‘Unitarian chapels in Ipswich and Bury St. Edmunds’ Architectural Journal 108 (1951) 121-6

Hague, Graham and Judy The Unitarian heritage: an architectural survey of chapels and churches in the Unitarian tradition in the British Isles (Privately printed, 1986) Hague, Judy ‘Nonconformist church architecture: a brief bibliography’ TUHS 17:3 (1981) 138

Jones, Anthony A thesis and survey of the Nonconformist chapel architecture in Merthyr Tydfil, Glamorgan (1962)

Jones, J. Eric The Good Ground, Unitarian Places of Worship in Wales (the author, 2009)

Jones, Ronald P. Nonconformist church architecture (London, The Lindsey Press, 1914)

Jones, Ronald P. ‘Chapel and service’ TUHS 4:3 (1929) 214-218

Lindley, Kenneth Chapels and Meeting Houses (London, John Baker, 1969)

Pass, Anthony Thomas Worthington: Victorian architecture and social purpose Manchester, Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, 1988)

Petford, Alan ‘ Horribile dictu: Unitarians and Ecclesiology in Northern England, an account of the first adoption of the Gothic style for chapel building amongst northern Unitarians’in Skidmore, Chris ed. Chapels & Chapel People (Chapels Society, Occasional Publication 5, 2010)

Powell, Ken The fall of Zion: Northern [England] chapel architecture and its future (SAVE Britain’s Heritage, 1980)

Ruston, Alan ‘Unitarian gothic: rebuilding in Hackney 1858’ Isobel Watson ed. Hackney History 1 (1995)

Short, Harry Lismer ‘The strange shape of some old chapels: a detective story’ 3 parts The Unitarian and Free Christian Monthly (1944)

Short, Harry Lismer ‘Changing styles of Nonconformist architecture’ The Listener (17 March 1955) 471-474

Short, Harry Lismer ‘The architecture of old meeting houses’ TUHS 8:3 (1945) 98-112

Short, Harry Lismer ‘The evolution of Unitarian church building’ TUHS 9:3 (1949) 146-153

Short, Harry Lismer ‘Tradition and renewal in worship (1) The church building’ Faith and Freedom 23:2 (Spring 1970) 50-57

Skidmore, Chris ed. Chapels and Chapel People: Miscellany Two. (Chapels Society, Occasional Publications 5, 2010)

Skidmore, Chris ed. Sitting in Chapel (The Chapels Society Journal Volume 1, 2013) Smith, Leonard ‘Unitarians and the Gothic Revival’ TUHS 17:2 (1980) 81-87

Stell, Christopher An Inventory of nonconformist chapels and meeting houses (London, Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England) Four Volumes: Central England (1986); South West England (1990); North of England (1994) Eastern England (2002)

Stell, Christopher Architects of dissent: some nonconformist patrons and architects (London, Dr Williams’s Trust, 1976)

Stell, Christopher Nonconformist Communion Plate & Other Vessels (Chapel Society, Occasional Publications, 2008)

Wigmore-Beddoes, Dennis. G. Yesterday’s radicals: a study of the affinity between Unitarianism and Broad Church Anglicanism in the nineteenth century (Cambridge, James Clarke & Co Ltd., 1971) [chapter 4 the affinity shown . . . in architectural style]

Biblical criticism

Brooks, Marilyn ‘Priestley’s plan for a “continually improving” translation of the Bible’ Enlightenment and Dissent 15 (1996) 89-106

Clayden, P. W. Samuel Sharpe: Egyptologist and translator of the Bible London, Dodd, Valerie A. ‘Strauss’s English propagandists and the politics of Unitarianism, 1841-1845’ Church History 50:4 (December 1981) pp.416-435

Garrard, L. A. ‘The Unitarian contribution to New Testament study in the 20th century’ TUHS 19:2 (1988) 63-70

Lettis, Theodore P. From sacred text to religious text: an intellectual history of the impact of New Testament lower criticism on dogma as a contribution to the English enlightenment and the Victorian crisis of faith 1690-1854 (Ph.D thesis, University of Edinburgh, 1995)

McLachlan, Herbert The Unitarian movement in the religious life of England 1. Its contribution to thought and learning 1700-1900 (London, George Allen & Unwin, 1934) [1 ‘Biblical scholarship’] pp.13-67

McLachlan, Herbert ‘Daniel Mace (d. 1758) a pioneer in New Testament criticism’ in McLachlan, Herbert Essays and Addresses (Manchester University Press, 1950) pp. 230-247

Peake, A. S. ‘The scholar and theologian: work on the Old and New Testament’ [James Estlin Carpenter] in Herford, C. H. James Estlin Carpenter: a memorial volume Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1929) pp. 133-161

Wigmore-Beddoes, Dennis. G. Yesterday’s radicals: a study of the affinity between Unitarianism and Broad Church Anglicanism in the nineteenth century (Cambridge, James Clarke & Co Ltd., 1971) [chapter 2 the affinity shown in the approach to higher criticism; chapter 3 the affinity shown in the attitude towards biblical inspiration, miracles, everlasting punishment, the atonement, and the divinity of Christ]

Wiles, Maurice F. ‘Newton and the Bible’ in Balantine, S.E. and Barton, J eds. Language, theology and the Bible (Oxford, 1994)


Cooper, Brian G. ‘Unitarianism and the B.B.C. 1922-39’ Faith and Freedom 17:3 (1964) 119-122

Ross, Alastair ‘Unitarians and the B.B.C. since 1939’ Faith and Freedom 17:3 (11964) 123-4

Chapel Libraries

Murphy, Graham ‘Ullet Road Church Library, Liverpool’ TUHS 18:3 (1985) 167

Nicholson, Helen M. ‘A Unitarian vestry library [Hanover Square, Newcastle upon Tyne]’ TUHS 18:4 (1986) 225-226


Obaidi-Fard, K The radical career of John Goodwyn Barmby, 1838-48 (M.Phil thesis, CNAA, Manchester Polytechnic, 1986) [Copy at Manchester Metropolitan University Library]

Roberts, Stephen Radical politicians and poets in early Victorian Britain: the voices of six Chartist leaders (Lampeter, The Edwin Mellen Press, 1993, Studies in British History 27) [chapter 4 pp.77-88

Ruston, Alan ‘The omnibus radical: Rev. Henry Solly’ TUHS 19:2 (1988) 78-91

Solly, Henry These eighty years: or the story of an unfinished life. 2 volumes (London, 1893)


McGuffie, Duncan ‘Unitarian Christology since the Reformation’ in Wigmore-Beddoes, Dennis G. Concerning Jesus: a symposium London, (The Lindsey Press, 1975)

Church and state relationship

Cornwall, Robert D. ‘Advocacy of the independence of the church from the state in eighteenth-century England: a comparison of a nonjuror and a nonconformist [Miciah Towgood] view’ Enlightenment and Dissent 12 (1993) 12-27

Ruston, Alan ‘The State and Unitarianism changing our polity?’ in Reed ,C and McAllister, J (eds.) The Home We Share, (ICUU, 2007)


Ruston, Alan ‘The Non-con Club and some other Unitarian clubs 1783-1914’ TUHS 14:2 (1968) 147-161

Comparative religion

Farnell, L. R. ‘Comparative religion: Pali, and the religions of India [J. E. Carpenter]’ in Herford, C. H. James Estlin Carpenter: a memorial volume (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1929)

Marshall, Vernon The Larger View: Unitarians and World Religions (Lindsey Press, 2007)

Ritchie, Susan J Children of the Same God: The Historical Relationship Between Unitarianism, Judaism, and Islam (Skinner House Books, Boston, 2014)

Zastoupil, Lynn 1953- ‘Defining Christians, Making Britons: Rammohun Roy and the Unitarians’ Victorian Studies 44:2 (Winter 2002) Indiana University Press


McCabe, Joseph Life and letters of George Jacob Holyoake 2 volumes (London: Watts, 1896)

Roper, S. and Ruston, Alan ‘The Rochdale Pioneers – 150th anniversary’ TUHS 20:4 (1994) 283-286

Smith, Leonard ‘Unitarians and the second phase of co-operation’ TUHS 20:4 (1994) 287-296

Denominational Press

Gilley, Keith ed. The Inquirer: a history and other reflections London, 1992) [bibliography]

Hytch, Frank ed. The Unitarian, a journey 1903 – (Manchester District Association, 2008)

McLachlan, Herbert The Unitarian movement in the religious life of England 1. Its contribution to thought and learning 1700-1900 (London, George Allen & Unwin, 1934) [3:1 ‘The Unitarian contribution to periodical literature’] pp.165-223

Martin, A. J. ‘The centenary of Yr Ymofynnydd’ TUHS 9:2 (1948) 118-120

Tarrant, W. G. ‘The story of the Inquirer’ TUHS 4:1 (1927) 35-44


McLachlan, Herbert The Unitarian movement in the religious life of England 1. Its contribution to thought and learning 1700-1900 (London, George Allen & Unwin, 1934) [4:1 ‘Doctrine’] pp. 227-239

Long, Arthur John Fifty years of theology, 1928-1978: the vindication of liberalism (Lindsey Press, 1978)


‘Charles Beard and University College, Liverpool’ TUHS 10:1 (1951) 45-48

Roberts, H. P. ‘Early Unitarian schoolmasters and schools in Wales’ TUHS 5:2 (1932) 157-164 ‘Joseph Chamberlain and popular education’ TUHS 5:2 (1932) 201-203

Dalton, Tom E. Channing School 1885-1960 (London, 1960) Davies, D. Elwyn ‘Education and radical dissent in Wales in the 18th and 19th centuries ‘ TUHS 19:2 (1988) 92-101; 19:3 (1989) 181-194

Evans, George Eyre, Philip Barker, founder of Willaston School, Nantwich (Aberystwyth: William Jones, 1915)

Harrop, S. The place of education in the genesis of the Industrial Revolution with particular reference to Stalybridge, Dukinfield and Hyde (MA thesis, University of Manchester, 1976)

Goodman, Joyce and Leach, Camilla ‘Catherine Cappe (1774-1822) Unitarian education and women’s lives’ Faith and Freedom 51:2 (Autumn/Winter 1998) 117-128

McLachlan, Herbert The Unitarian movement in the religious life of England 1. Its contribution to thought and learning 1700-1900 (London, George Allen & Unwin, 1934) [2 ‘Education’] pp. 71-161

Postgate, Carolyn (Ed) Channing School: A Chronicle of 125 years 1885-2010 (Channing School, 2010)

Saunders, E. M. A progress: Channing School, 1885-1985 (John Catt Ltd., 1984)

Seed, John ‘Unitarian ministers as schoolmasters 1780-1850: some notes’ TUHS 17:4 (1982) 170-176

Smith, Kenneth Gill ‘Willaston School [Nantwich]’ TUHS 15:4 (1974) 130-136

Stewart, Duncan P. ‘The Woolton Mechanics’ Institute’ TUHS 10:2 (1952) 66-90

Tarrant, Dorothy ‘Unitarians and Bedford College’ TUHS 9:4 (1950) 201-206

Tarrant, W. G.and Worthington, Joseph ‘University Hall, London’ TUHS 4:1 (1927)1-15

Walker, G. E. ed. Willaston School, 1900-1937 (Privately printed, 1973)

Watts, Ruth E. The Unitarian contribution to the development of female education in the nineteenth century (MA dissertation, University of Leicester, 1979)

Watts, Ruth E. ‘The Unitarian Contribution to the development of female education 1790-1850’ History of education 9:4 (1980) 273-86

Watts, Ruth E. ‘Joseph Priestley and education’ Enlightenment and Dissent 2 (1983) 83-101

Watts, Ruth E. The Unitarian contribution to education in England from the late eighteenth century to 1853 (Ph.D thesis, University of Leicester, 1987)

Watts, Ruth E. ‘Knowledge is power – Unitarians, gender and education in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries’ Gender and education 1:1 (1989) 35-50

Watts, Ruth E. ‘Joseph Priestley’ Unesco prospects: quarterly review of education 24:1-2 (1994)

Watts, Ruth E. ‘”Unlimited education for all?” Unitarians and education 1800-1860’ Address at Unitarian College Closing Proceedings (unpublished paper 17 June 1997)

Watts, Ruth E. ‘ Rational’ religion: Unitarian men and women and the education of the working class, 1800-1860 (unpublished paper International Standing Conference for the history of education, Maynooth, September 1997)

Watts, Ruth E. ‘Educational and cultural transfer: the case of Unitarian women from the late eighteenth century to 1860’ History of Education Society Bulletin (Spring 1995) 11-19

Watts, Ruth E. ‘Revolution and reaction: “Unitarian” academies 1780-1800 History of Education 20:4 (1991) 307-24

Watts, Ruth E. Gender, power and the Unitarians in England, 1760-1860 (Longmans, 1998)

Watts, Ruth E. ‘Unlimited knowledge for all: Unitarians and education 1800-1860’ TUHS 22:1 (1999) 18-36

Watts, Ruth E. ‘Some radical education networks of the late eighteenth century and their influence’ History of Education 27:1 (1998) 1-14

Watts, Ruth E. ‘Gentlemen and ladies: educational strategies for developing middle-class élite and the problems they raised’ International Standing Conference for the History of Education Gender Group Conference papers (Montreal, 1994) 1-10

Family History

Ruston, Alan My ancestors were English Presbyterians/Unitarians (London, 1993, Second Edition 2001)

Shorney, David Protestant Nonconformity and Roman catholicism: a guide to sources in the Public Record Office (Public Record Office, 1996)

French Revolution

Andrews, Stuart Unitarian radicalism: political rhetoric 1770-1814 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)

Creasey, John ‘Some dissenting attitudes to the French Revolution’ TUHS 13:4 (1966) 155-167

Garrett, Clarke ‘Joseph Priestley, the Millennium, and the French Revolution’ Journal of History of Ideas 34 (1973) 51-66

Alan Ruston ‘Two Unitarian in France during the Revolution [Helen Maria Williams and John Hurford Stone]’ TUHS 17:1 (1979) 15-28

History and Biography

McLachlan, Herbert The Unitarian movement in the religious life of England 1. Its contribution to thought and learning 1700-1900 (London, George Allen & Unwin, 1934) [4:3 ‘History and Biography’] pp. 252-268


Clarke, Gordon [unpublished material on British Unitarian hymnology and hymn writers for a new edition of Julian’s Dictionary of Hymnology which doesn’t seem ever to have been published] (1960s) Where is this material now?

Davis, Valentine David ‘Unitarian Hymnody’ in Julian, John ed. A Dictionary of hymnology (London, John Murray, 1915) pp.1191-1197, 1717-1718 [see also individual articles on a variety of Unitarian hymn writers]

Jones, R. J. ‘Our Welsh hymn book’ TUHS 2:1 (1919) 90-94

Wright, Dudley ‘English Unitarian hymn writers’ TUHS 3:2 (1924) 111-20

McCafferty, W. H. ‘The psalmody of the Old Congregation in Belfast’ TUHS 7:1 (1939) 50-63

McLachlan, H. John ‘Some reflections on [W.} George and Dorothy Tarrant’s contribution to Unitarian history and hymnology’ TUHS 16:3 (1977) 124-132

McLachlan, H. John ‘James Martineau and Theodore Parker’s favourite hymns’ TUHS 13:3 (1965) 118-121

Rivers, Isabel and Wykes, David L Dissenting Praise: Religious Dissent and the hymn in England and Wales (Oxford University Press, 2011) Ruston, Alan ‘Unitarian Hymnbooks 1795-1914’ TUHS 25.1 (2011) 17-34

Short, Harry Lismer ‘From “first cause” to “indwelling light” the influence of American hymns on English Unitarian worship in the nineteenth century’ TUHS 10:2 (1952) 53-65

Short, Harry Lismer ‘From Watts to Martineau: a century of Unitarian hymn books in England’ TUHS 10:1 (1951) 6-18

Spears, Robert ‘Unitarian hymn writers’ in Spears, Robert Unitarian worthies (1876) pp.211-215

Stephenson, H. W. Unitarian hymn writers (London, The Lindsey Press, 1931) Tarrant, Dorothy ‘Some traits of Unitarian hymnody’ Faith and Freedom 4 (1950-1) 23-28

‘Watts’s hymns: the development of hymnody among Dissenters following the Toleration Act’ in Swanson, R. N. Continuity and change (Boydell Press for the Ecclesiastical History Society, 1999) pp. 227-239

International Unitarian Links

‘Letter of Bishop Ferencz’ TUHS 3:2 (1924) 182-183

American Unitarian Association Commission to Transylvania under the rule of Roumania: report of the American Unitarian Commission (1921) Arnason, Wayne Follow the gleam: a history of the liberal religious youth movements (Boston, UUA Skinner House Books, 1980)

Bainton, Roland H. ‘Sebastian Castellio and the British-American tradition’ Studies in the Reformation (London, 1963) pp.182-184 [about Castellio and Locke]

Belsham, Thomas American Unitarianism: or a brief history of ‘the Progress and present state of the Unitarian churches in America’ 1815) [A British Unitarian description of the ‘Unitarianism’ of the American liberal clergy at the beginning of the nineteenth century. It’s publication in Boston fermented the American Unitarian controversy]

Bowie, W. Copeland Liberal religious thought at the beginning of the twentieth century: addresses and papers at the International Council of Unitarian and other liberal religious thinkers and workers, held in London, May 1901 (London, Philip Green, 1901)

Chalmers, Andrew Transylvanian recollections: sketches of Hungarian travel and history (London, Manchester and Klausenburg, 1880) [account of the visit by the author and Alexander Gordon to Transylvania in August 1879]

Cornish, Louis C Transylvania in 1922:Report of the Commission Sent by the American and British Unitarian Churches to Transylvania in 1922 (Boston, Beacon Press, 1923)

Devries, F. VC. ‘The influence of [Theodore] Parker on European thought’ Proceedings of the Unitarian Historical Society 13:1 (1960) 84-86

Ferencz, Joseph ‘The first international Unitarian publication [De falsa et vera unius dei patris, filii et spiritus sancti cognitione 1567]’ TUHS 14:2 (1968) 72-77

Fretwell, John Three hundred years of Unitarianism in Transylvania (New York, 1876)

Gal, István ‘A Transylvanian Unitarian [Sándor Bölöni Farkas 1795-1842] overseas’ The New Hungarian Quarterly 9:32 (Winter 1968) 186-192

Gellerd, Imre A History of Unitarianism through Four Centuries of Sermons (Chico: Centre for Free Religion, 1999)

Hill, Andrew M. ‘Channing and British Unitarianism: sowing the seeds’ TUHS 19:2 (1988) 71-77

Holt, Anne ‘Some British Dissenters and their American friends’ Proceedings of the Unitarian Historical Society 10:1 (1953) 28-40

Hugenholtz Jr., P. H. ed. Religion and liberty: addresses and papers at the second International Council of Unitarian and Other Liberal Religious Thinkers and Workers, held at Amsterdam, September 1903 (Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1904)

Kenworthy, Fred ‘A Unitarian chapel in Paris’ TUHS 6:3 (1937) 205-208

Kovacs, Sandor ‘Translyvania and the Unitarian College, Manchester: the Sharpe Hungarian scholarships’ in Smith, Leonard and others Unitarian to the Core: Unitarian College Manchester, 1854-2004 (Carnegie Publishing, 2004) pp. 143-160

Long, Arthur and Ruston, Alan ‘Unitariariorum in Anglia: a Latin Message to Transylvania Part 1’, TUHS 23:2 (2005) 584-594. Part 2′, TUHS 23:4 (2006) 663- 670

Loriczy, Dionysius ‘The Hungarian Unitarian Church part 1 How it became known to Unitarians in England’ TUHS 3:1 (1923) 20-39; part 2 ‘Foundation of the Unitarian Church’ TUHS 3:2 (1924) 121-134

McGuffie, Duncan S. ‘William Ellery Channing’s religion and its influence’ TUHS 17:2 (1980) 45-53

McLachlan, H. John ‘Links between Transylvania and British Unitarians from the 17th century onwards’ TUHS 17:2 (1980) 73-79

Montet, E. ed. Actes ue 3me Congrès Internationale de Christianisme Libérale et Progressif (Geneva, 1905)

New pilgrimage of the spirit: proceedings and papers of the Pilgrim centenary meeting of the International Congress of Free Christians and other religious liberals held at Boston and Plymouth, USA October 3-7, 1920 (Boston, Beacon Press, 1921)

Porter, H. C. ‘A Harvard Unitarian in Victorian Cambridge [UK]’ Journal of Ecclesiastical History 53:3 (July 2002) 527-544

Schlinck-Lazarraga, Elka Wiedergeburt Schöpferischer in Weltbund fur Religiöse Freiheit (Nordersstedt, 1975) [Only history of the International Association for Religious Freedom]

Short, Harry Lismer ‘[The Edict of] Torda [Transylvania] and World History’ TUHS 14:2 (1968) 68-71

Sunderland, Jabez Thomas The story of liberal religion in Europe from the Renaissance to the twentieth century (Typewritten ms, n.d) [Presumably this is at Meadville/Lombard as it appears in John Godbey’s bibliography]

Tayler, John James ‘Narrative of a visit to the Unitarian churches of Transylvania’ Theological Review 6 (1869)

Traer, Robert ‘A short history of the International Association for Religious Freedom’ The Non-Subscribing Presbyterian 1120-1 (March and April 2000) 262-65

Wendte, Charles William Freedom and fellowship in religion: proceedings and papers of the fourth International Congree of Free Christians and other Religious Liberals held at Boston, U.S.A., Boston September 22-27, 1907 (Boston, International Council, 1907)

Wendte, Charles William and Davis, Valentine David eds. Fifth international congress of Free Christianity and religous, progress, proceedings and papers. Berlin August 5-10, 1910 (Berlin-Schöneberg Protestantischer SchriftenvertirebG.m.b.H./London, Williams & Norgate, 1911)

Wendte, Charles William The wider fellowship: memories, friendships and endeavours for religious unity 1844-1927 (Boston, Beacon Press, 1927)

Wykes, David L. ‘John Paget M.D. of Transylvania’ TUHS 17:2 (1980) 54-72


Braithwaite, Helen Romanticism, Publishing and Dissent: Joseph Johnson and the Cause of Liberty (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)

McLachlan, Herbert ‘The Taylors and Scotts of the Manchester Guardian’ TUHS 4:1 (1927)24-34 24-34 reprinted in McLachlan, Herbert Essays and Addresses (Manchester University Press, 1950) pp. 70-93

Webb, Robert K. ‘Flying missionaries: Unitarian journalists in Victorian England’ in Bean J ed. The political culture of modern Britain: studies in memory of Stephen Koss (London, 1987) pp.11-31

Lay preaching

Ditchfield, G M ‘William Tayleur of Shrewsbury (1712-960: A case study in eighteenth-century lay leadership’ TUHS 26.1 (2015) 3-23

Ruston, Alan R. A history of lay preaching in the Unitarian movement (London, Unitarian Lay Preachers’ Association, 1973)

Legal issues

‘An historic legal decision [Bowman v. Secular Society, Ltd’ TUHS 1:2 (1917) 219-252

Hill, Andrew M. ‘In trust for the worship of God? Or Robert Spears’ last stand.

Frederick Sydney Morris and St. Saviourgate Unitarian Chapel, York’ TUHS 26.1 (2015) 145-168

Montgomery, R. M. ‘A note on Acts of Parliament dealing with denial of the Trinity’ TUHS 6:3 (1937) 209-212

O’Rourke, D. T. ‘Copyright, blasphemy and the Unitarians [John Page Hopps]’ TUHS 14:3 (1968) 162-165


British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowships: Results of the 2005 Competition James, Dr F R Oxford (Christ Church), English Language and Literature (H6; H5) The

‘Open Converse’ of Romanticism and Dissent: A Study of Reading, Writing and Critical Practice in Unitarian Literary Communities, 1770-1900 [Dr James’ project explores Dissenting creativity within the wider context of British Romantic and Victorian literature, focussing on Unitarian communities of readers and writers.

She will analyse patterns of reading, writing, and sociability within Unitarian circles of families, friends, and worshippers – to take particular examples, the Aikins, the Johnsons, and the Gaskells – and show how this both reflects, and helps to shape, literary culture from the mid-eighteenth to the close of the nineteenth century.

Using private correspondence and reading-journals alongside poetry, sermons, and periodicals, a complex picture of creative response and exchange will be built up.

Through close examination of allusion and inter-textual echoes, she intends to uncover conversations which stretch across period and genre boundaries. Her aim is, ultimately, to demonstrate how Unitarian writing, and reading, may be understood as a complex force in the shaping of literary culture and the canon.]

McLachlan, Herbert The Unitarian movement in the religious life of England 1. Its contribution to thought and learning 1700-1900 (London, George Allen & Unwin, 1934) [4:4 ‘Literature’] pp. 269-300

Davie, Donald A gathered church: the literature of the English Dissenting interest, 1700-1930 (London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978) [“admirable intention and much insight with an astounding display of prejudice” R. K. Webb in KnudHaakenssen Enlightenment and Religion p.41 n.38]

‘[Thomas Sadler’s funeral address for] George Eliot’ TUHS 5:2 (1932) 203-206

Liturgy and Worship

Davies, Horton ‘From Watts and Wesley to Maurice 1690-1850’ volume 3 of Worship and Theology in England (Princeton, 1962)

Davies, Horton ‘From Newman to Martineau 1850-1900’ volume 4 of Worship and Theology in England (Princeton, 1961)

Dybilowski, James and Fitzpatrick, Martin ‘David Williams, John Jebb and liturgical reform’ in Enlightenment and Dissent 9 (1990) 106-113

Hill, Andrew M ‘Unitarian Worship during the 20th century’ TUHS 25.2 (2012) 92-100

Jones, Ronald P. ‘Chapel and service’ TUHS 4:3 (1929) 214-218

Long, Arthur John ‘Unitarian’ New SCM dictionary of liturgy and worship (SCM Press, 1966) pp.513-516

McGuffie, Duncan The hymn sandwich: a brief history of Unitarian worship ([General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches Worship Sub Committee, n.d.)

Peaston, A. Elliott The Prayer Book Reform Movement in the XVIIIth century (Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1940)

Peaston, A. Elliott ‘Nineteenth century liturgies’ TUHS 7:3 (1941) 216-225

Peaston, A. Elliott ‘Dr Martineau and the “Ten Services”‘ TUHS 7:3 (1941) 290-293

Peaston, A. Elliott ‘The influence of the Theistic Prayer Book’ TUHS 11:3 (1957) 83-87

Peaston, A. Elliott ‘The revision of the Prayer Book by Dr Samuel Clarke’ TUHS 12:1 (1959) 27-38

Peaston, A. Elliott ‘Historic Prayer Book revisions’ TUHS 13:1 (1963) 9-12

Peaston, A. Elliott ‘The Unitarian liturgical tradition: table indicating relationship of [123] Unitarian liturgies to the Prayer Book (1741-1974)’ TUHS 16:2 (1976) 63-81

Peaston, A. Elliott The Prayer Book tradition in the Free Churches (London, James Clarke & Co. Ltd., 1964) [chapter 12 The Free Catholics]

Pochaska, Franklin K, ‘Public worship: an eighteenth century debate [Gilbert Wakefield]’ TUHS 15:1 (1971) 1-14

Pike, Clement Edwards ‘Unitarian liturgies’ TUHS 3:3 (1925) 217-223

Richey, Russell E. ‘Unitarian liturgical reform: an exercise in candour’ Proceedings of the Unitarian Historical Society [USA] 17:2 (1973-75) 34-44 [eighteenth century liturgical reform among English Unitarians]

Short, Harry Lismer ‘The pattern of Unitarian worship’ Faith and Freedom 2 (1948-9) 42-48

Short, Harry Lismer ‘Tradition and renewal in worship (2) The forms and materials of worship’ Faith and Freedom 23:3 (Summer 1970) 111-123

Webb, Robert K. ‘Rational Piety’ in Haakonssen, Knud ed. Enlightenment and religion: rational dissent in 18th century Britain (Cambridge University Press, 1996) pp.287-312

Wigmore-Beddoes, Dennis. G. Yesterday’s radicals: a study of the affinity between Unitarianism and Broad Church Anglicanism in the nineteenth century (Cambridge, James Clarke & Co Ltd., 1971) [chapter 4 the affinity shown in the use of traditional language and in liturgical practice]

Medicine and Nursing

Fulton, J. F. ‘The Warrington Academy and its influence upon medicine and science’ Bulletin of the Institute of History of Medicine, John Hopkins University, USA 1:2 49-80

Hardy, Gwen William Rathbone and the early history of District Nursing (1981) Hutt, Marten ‘John Aikin: biographical memoirs of medicine in Great Britian (1780) TUHS 21:4 (1998) 302-310

Webster, Charles and Barry, Jonathan ‘The Manchester medical revolution’ in Smith, Barbara ed Truth, liberty, religion: essays celebrating two hundred years of Manchester College (Oxford, Manchester College, 1986) pp. 165-184


Christodoulou, Joan ‘The Freethinking Christians and the millennium’ The London Journal 14:2 (1989)

Fitzpatrick, Martin ‘Joseph Priestley and the Millennium’ Medical History?

Fruchman, Jack Jr. ‘The apocalyptic politics of Richard Price and Joseph Priestley: a study in late eighteenth century millenialism’ Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 73:4 (1983)

Fruchman, Jack Jr. ‘Joseph Priestley and early English Zionism’ Enlightenment and Dissent 2(1983) 39-46

Garrett, Clarke Respectable folly, millenarianism and the French Revolution in France and England (Baltimore and London, 1975) [especially chapters. 6 and 7]

Oliver, W. H. Prophets and millenialists; the uses of Biblical prophecy in England from the 1790s to the 1840s (Auckland and Oxford, 1978)


Minutes of periodical meeting of Unitarian ministers in and around London 7 volumes 1863-1922 [missing 1906-14] [DWL MS 38.60-1]

Axon, Ernest ‘”Reverend” and some other styles of nonconformist ministers’ TUHS 6:4 (1938) 310-329

Bolam, C. Gordon ‘The association of dissenting ministers in Northamptonshire’ TUHS 15:2 (1972) 54-64; 15:3 (1973) 105-110

Bolam, C. Gordon ‘Some account of the annual meeting of Presbyterian ministers of Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire and South Yorkshire: established 1798 ‘ TUHS 9:2 (1948) 78-100; 9:3 (1949) 125-145

Evans, George Eyre Midland churches: a history of the congregations on the roll of the Midland Christian Union (Dudley, 1899) pp.259-260 [Monthly Meeting…

Warwickshire and neighbouring counties. See also Dudley Double lecture pp. 117-118 and Oldbury Double Lecture pp. 176-177 ]

Hill, Andrew M. ‘The death of ordination in the Unitarian tradition’ TUHS 14:4 (1970) 190-208

Maginnis, D and others Proceedings of the centenary celebrations of the Monthly meeting of the Protestant Dissenting ministers of Warwickshire and the neighbouring counties … Birmingham, December, 1882 (1883)

Murch, Jerom A history of the Presbyterian and General Baptist Churches in the west of England with memoirs of some of their pastors (London, 1835) pp.548-555 [‘Sketch of the history of the Exeter Assembly of ministers’]

Perry, Herbert. E. ‘The ministers’ monthly meeting in the Manchester district’ TUHS 5:1 (1931) 17-23

Rowe, Mortimer ‘The historical development of the Unitarian ministry in England’ Faith and Freedom 13:2 (Spring 1960) 61-70

Wykes, David L. ‘Educating students for the Unitarian ministry in the early nineteenth-century’ TUHS 26.1 (2015) 79-98

Natural Sciences

Laboucheix, Henri ‘Chemistry, materialism and theology in the work of Joseph Priestley’ The Price-Priestley Newsletter 1 (1977) 31-48

Lawless, C. ‘Scientific progress and religious dissent’ Block 3 Science and belief from Copernicus to Darwin (Milton Keynes, Open University Press, 1974)

McEvoy, John G. ‘Enlightenment and dissent in science: Joseph Priestley and the limits of theoretical reasoning’ Enlightenment and Dissent 2 (1983) 47-68

Müller, Karis ‘Physics and the Deity: the ideas of R. Boscovitch and J. Priestley’ Enlightenment and Dissent 12 (1993) 49-62

Raymond, Jean and Pickstone, John ‘The Natural Sciences and the learning of English Unitarians: an exploration of the roles of Manchester College’ in Smith, Barbara ed. Truth, liberty, religion: essays celebrating two hundred years of Manchester College (Oxford, Manchester College, 1986)

Scofield, Robert E. ‘Joseph Priestley: theology, physics and metaphysics’ Enlightenment and Dissent 2 (1983) 69-82

Watkins, Trevor ‘Unitarians and natural philosophy’ TUHS 20:3 (1993) 215-216

Non-Unitarians – links with Philosophy

Ditchfield, Grayson M. ‘Some Unitarian perceptions of Dr Johnson’ TUHS 19:3 (1989) 139-152

Ditchfield, Grayson M. ‘ “Incompatible with the very name of Christian”: English Catholics and Unitarians in the age of Milner’ Recusant History 25:1 (May 2000) 53-73

Parsons, Gerald ‘A forgotten debt: John Colenso and the “Life” of Blanco White’ Faith and Freedom 51:2 (Autumn/Winter 1998) 96-116

Ruston, Alan ‘The Unitarian correspondence of W. E. Gladstone: the British Library mss’ TUHS 18:4 (1986) 219-224

Ruston, Alan ‘William Ewart Gladstone – a Unitarian connection?’ TUHS 24.4 (2010) 254-266

Wigmore-Beddoes, Dennis. G. ‘How the Unitarian movement paid its debt to Anglicanism’ TUHS 13:2 (1964) 69-79

Wigmore-Beddoes, Dennis. G. Yesterday’s radicals: a study of the affinity between Unitarianism and Broad Church Anglicanism in the nineteenth century (Cambridge, James Clarke & Co Ltd., 1971)


Brown, Andrew ‘A Brush with the Unitarian Ministry: J H Muirhead’ TUHS 23:2 (2004) 563- 567

McLachlan, Herbert The Unitarian movement in the religious life of England 1. Its contribution to thought and learning 1700-1900 (London, George Allen & Unwin, 1934) [4:13 ‘Philosophy’] pp. 240-251


Jones, Alan ‘William Durning’s account of sermons preached in Renshaw Street Chapel, Liverpool, 1818’ TUHS 16:1 (1975) 22-30

McLachlan, Herbert ‘The homiletic use of English literature’ McLachlan, Herbert Essays and Addresses (Manchester University Press, 1950) pp. 266-289

Ruston, Alan A history of Unitarian lay preaching (National Union of Lay Preachers, 1973)

Wykes, David L. ‘”A good discourse, well explained in 35 minutes”: Unitarians and preaching in the early nineteenth century’ TUHS 21:3 (1997) 173-190

Psychical Studies

Whitby, George Stanley ‘Psychical studies in the Unitarian tradition’ Faith and Freedom 29:1 (Autumn 1975) 12-20


Eckersley, Rachel ‘John Cartwright: radical reformer and Unitarian?’ TUHS 22:1 (1999) 37-53

Philp, Mark ‘Rational religion and political radicalism’ Enlightenment and Dissent 4 (1985) 35-46

Richey, Russell E. ‘The origins of British radicalism: the changing rationale for Dissent’ Eighteenth Century Studies 7 (1973-4) 179-92

Religious Census

Smith, Leonard ‘The 1851 Religious Census and the Unitarian Home Misssionary Board 1854’, TUHS 23:3 (2005) 625-628.

Smith, Leonard, ‘The First Students: The Class of 1854/5’ in Smith, Leonard and others Unitarian to the Core 1854-2004 (Carnegie Publishing, 2004)

Science and Arts

Darcy, C. P. ‘The encouragement of the fine arts in Lancashire’ Chetham Society, Remains historical and literary 3rd series:24 (Manchester, 1976) [“studded with Unitarian names, though the author makes nothing of the connection” RK Webb ‘Q&A’ p.111n64]

Orange, Derek ‘Rational dissent and provincial science: William Turner and the Newcastle Literary and Philosophical Society’ Inkster, Ian and Morrell, Jack eds. Metropolis and province: science in British culture 1780-1850 (London, Huchison, 1983)

Thackray, Arnold ‘Natural knowledge in cultural context: the Manchester model’ AHR 79 (1974) 673-709

Wood, Paul ed. Science and dissent in England, 1688-1945 (Aldershot and Burlington VT, 2004)


Ditchfield, Grayson M. ‘Manchester College and anti-slavery’ in Smith, Barbara ed. Truth, liberty, religion: essays celebrating two hundred years of Manchester College (Oxford, Manchester College, 1986) pp. 185-224

Ditchfield, Grayson M. ‘Repeal, abolition and reform: a study in the interaction of reforming movements in the Parliament of 1790-1796’ in Bolt, Christine and Drescher, Seymour ed. Anti-slavery, religion and reform: essays in memory of Roger Anstey (Folkestone and Hamden, Conn) pp. 101-18

Ruston, Alan ‘William Wilberforce and Unitarianism’ TUHS 17:3 (1981) 129-131

Stange, Douglas Charles British Unitarians against American slavery 1833-65 (London, Associate University Presses, 1977)

Stange, Douglas Charles British Unitarians and the crisis of American slavery 1833-1865 [D.Phil. University of Oxford, 1981]

Social factors

Harris, Mark W Elite: Uncovering Classism in Unitarian Universalist History (Skinner House, 2011)

Head, G Far-off magic: the story of Unitarian commitment to providing holiday and convalescent homes (Great Hucklow: The Nightingale Centre, 2006)

Peacock, Arthur ‘Social factors in British Unitarian history’ Faith and Freedom 22:2 (Spring 1969) 64-74

Peacock, Arthur ‘Unitarian social service: its changing patterns Faith and Freedom 19:2 (Spring 1966) 73-79


Cory, David Munroe Faustus Socinus, (Boston, Mass., The Beacon Press, 1932) Erdt, Werner ‘The Wittenberg Anti-Socinian Polemic’ The Proceedings of the Unitarian Universalist Historical Society 20:2 (1985-6) 89-93]

Florida, R. E. Voltaire and the Socinians: studies on Voltaire and the eighteenth century volume 122] (Banbury, The Voltaire Foundation, 1974) [discusses Voltaire’s relationships with Newton, Locke and Samuel Clarke]

Florida, R. E. ‘British law and Socinianism in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries’ in Szczucki, Lech ed. Socinianism and its role in the culture of the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries (Warsaw-Lodz, 1983) pp.201-210

Fock, Otto Der Socinianismus: nach seiner Stellung in der Gesammtentwicklung des christlichen Geistes, nach seinem historischen Verlauf und nach seinem Lehrbegriff (Kiel, Carl Schröder, 1847) (Can be read online as a Google eBook by those with a knowledge of German)

Genischen, Werner Die Wittenberger antisozinianische Polimik. Ein Beitrag zur Auseinandersetzung von Reformation und Humanismus (dissertation, University of Gottingen, 1942)

Godbey, John C A Study of Faustus Socinus’s De Jesu Christo Servatore (1968) Gomes, Alan W. Faustus Socinus (Ph.D dissertation, Fuller Theological Seminary, 1990)

Hewett, Phillip, Racovia: an early liberal religious community (Providence, R.I. : Blackstone editions, 2004)

Kot, Stanislas Oddzialywanie Braci Polskich zwanych Socynjanami w Angliji (Warsaw, 1936)

Kot, Stanislas ‘The activities of the Polish Brethren in England’ Reformacja w Polsce 7 (1935-6) 235-44

Kot, Stanislaw ‘Polish Brethren and the problems of communism in the 16th century’ TUHS 11:2 (1956) 38-53

Lubieniecki, Stanisław (George Huntston Williams, Trans and Ed) History of the Polish Reformation: and nine related documents (Minneapolis.: Fortress Press, 1995)

McLachlan, H. J. The rise and spread of Socinianism in England before 1689 (D.Phil thesis, University of Oxford, 1949) [published by Oxford University Press, 1951]

McLachlan, H John Socinianism in seventeenth-century England, Oxford University Press, 1951.

Nolan, John Henry Monteith Antitrinitarianism in England from Biddle to the close of the seventeenth century (B.Litt. dissertation, University of Oxford, ????) – [copy in HMCO Library]

Smith, Leonard ‘Truth in a Heresy? 5. Socinianism’, The Expository Times, April 2001 Vol. 122, Number 7.

Smith, Leonard The Unitarians: A Short History (Kendal: Lensden Publishing, 2006). Revised Edition (Providence RI: Blackstone Editions, 2008). Kindle Edition (2013). 15-33

Szczucki, Lech ed., Faustus Socinus and his heritage (Krakow 2005)

Contents :

LECH SZCZUCKl, Foreword 7

PETER BIETENHOLZ, Fausto Sozzini and the New Testament Scholarship of Erasmus 11

MICHAELA VALENTE, I Sozzini e l’Inquisizione 29

MARIO BIAGlONI, La ragione dell’immortalita: la disputa tra Francesco Pucci e Fausto Sozzini “de statu primi hom in is ante lapsum” 53

GERMANA ERNST, “Sicut amator insaniens”. Su Pucci e Campanella 91

LECH SZCZUCKI, Fausto Sozzini in Polonia, 1579-1604 113

ZBIGNIEW OGONOWSKI, Der Sozinianismus und das Problem der Toleranz 129

MIHALY BALAZS, Discussiones et concordia. Die Beziehungen zwischen polnischen und siebenbiirgischen Antitrinitariern im 16. Jahrhundert 147

GIZELLA KESERU, The Late Confessionalisation of the Transylvanian Unitarian Church and the Polish Brethren 163

DANILO FACCA, Libero arbitrio, amicizia, felicita: l’aristotelismo etico di Johann Crell 189

MARIA-CRISTINA PITASSI, La correspondance entre Mersenne et Ruar 203

MARTA BECKOVA, Die Briiderunitiit und der Antitrinitarismus 215

JANUSZ TAZBIR, Ursachen der Verbannung der Sozinianer aus Polen 229

ATTILA B. KIS, Adamus Francus and the Bibliotheca Fratrum Polonorum 243

LUISA SIMONUTTI, Fausto Sozzini, gli arminiani e il socinianesimo nell’Olanda del Seicento 251

AART DE GROOT, Camphuysen, der erste niederländische Sozinianer? 285

FLORIAN MOHLEGGER, Hugo Grotius’ Auseinandersetzung mit dem Sozinianismus 297

JAN ROHLS, Fausto Sozzini und Hugo Grotius über die Autorität der Schrift 327

ERIC H. COSSEE, Contrast outweighing similarity. A collation of Remonstrantism and Socinianism in Adriaan van Cattenburgh’s (1664-1743) 347

PIET VISSER, Socinianizing Mennonites – rumor or reality? The influence of Socinianism on Dutch Mennonitism in the seventeenth century or: the love-hate relationship of Socinianism and Mennonitism in historiography 361

STEPHEN D. SNOBELEN, Socinianism and Newtonianism: the case of William Whiston 373

EMANUELA SCRIBANO, Samuel Colliber. A Socinian in Newton’s age 415

ALAN RUSTON, English approaches to Socinianism 423

SARAH MORTIMER, Socinianism in the Interregnum 435

JOZSEF BARNA, Mate Dersi’s heritage: additions to the reception of Socinianism in seventeeth century Transylvania . 443

SANDOR KOVACS, Contributions to late 17th century relationship of the Transylvanian Unitarians and their co-religionists in England and in the Netherlands 455

MARIAN SKRZYPEK, Une dissertation anonyme franraise de 1736 sur le socinianisme 467

MARTIN MULSOW, Samuel Crell – an intellectual profile 477

STEFFEN HUBER, Zur Trinitiitsdiskussion zwischen Andrzej Wiszowaty und Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz 495

PHILLIP HEWETT, Pilgrimages to the grave of Socinus 521

Tindall, Philip Noble The Manchester Socinian Controversy, its background and sequel (M.Litt thesis, University of Newcastle, 1979)

Toulmin, Joshua Memoirs of the Life, Character, Sentiments and Writings of Faustus Socinus (Southwark: J Johnson, 1777)

Visser, Piet ed. Bibliographia Sociniana: a bibliographical reference tool for the study of Dutch Socinianism and Antitrintarianism (Hilversum, 2004) [gives library sources including UK]

Wilbur, Earl Morse A History of Unitarianism volume 1 Socinianism and its Antecedents (Harvard University Press, 1945)

Wilbur, Earl Morse A bibliography of the pioneers of the Socinian-Unitarian movement in modern Christianity in Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Holland [preface by Delio Cantimori] (Rome, Edizioni di stroia e letteratura, 1950) [EUL or NC Ed .28809 Wil]

Williams, George Huntson The Radical Reformation (3rd Edition, Truman State University Press, 1995)

Sunday Schools

‘Essex Church: the boy monument [to founders of Sunday Schools]’ TUHS 7:2 (1940) 208-209

Broadbent, Arnold The first hundred years of the Sunday School Association (1833-1933) (London, 11933)

Burgess, Walter H. ‘James Martineau and Sunday School work’ TUHS 4:4 (1930) 365-375

Bushrod, W. T. The Sunday School and its story: a review of the origin and growth of the Sunday School movement during more than 150 years (London, Lindsey Press, 1930) [Unitarian schools and societies pp.22-24]

Cliff, Philip B. The rise and development of the Sunday School movement in England, 1780-1980 (National Christian Educational Council, 1986)

Green, E. H. A short history of the new Gravel Pit Church Sunday School [Hackney] (1913)

Griffin, Alan ‘Sunday schools in the East Midland mining district in 1841’ TUHS 21:2 (1996) 104-116

Mounfield, Arthur Early Warrington Nonconformity (Warrington, 1922) pp. 141-149

Procter, G. Marian The Reverend William Turner and the early years of the Hanover Square Sunday School (Dissertation, Newcastle upon Tyne Polytechnic, 1987)


Barlow, Richard Burgess Citizenship and conscience: a study in the theory and practice of religious toleration in the eighteenth century (Oxford University Press, 1965)

Fitzpatrick, Martin Rational Dissent in the late eighteenth century with particular reference to the growth of toleration (Ph.D thesis, University College of Wales, Aberystwyth)

Fitzpatrick, Martin ‘Joseph Priestley and the cause of universal toleration’ The Price-Priestley Newsletter 1 (1977) 3-30

Fitzpatrick, Martin ‘Toleration and truth’ Enlightenment and Dissent 1 (1982) 3-32

Holt, Raymond V. ‘The growth of toleration’ TUHS 7:1 (1939) 1-11

Mullett, C. F. ‘The legal position of English Protestant Dissenters. 1689-1767’ Virginia Law Review 22 (1936) 397-398

Philp, Mark ‘Enlightenment, toleration and liberty’ Enlightenment and Dissent 9 (1990) 47-62

Watts, Ruth E. ‘To civil and religious liberty the world over’ TUHS 21:1 (1995) 1-14

Unitarian definition

Thomas, Roger ‘When is a Unitarian not a Unitarian’ TUHS 14:2 (1968) 107-118 [discusses the transition within the B & FUA from pure doctrinal Unitarianism to non-creedal Unitarianism]

Unitarians and evangelicals

Martin, Roger H. Evangelical united: ecumenical stirrings in pre-Victorian Britain, 1795-1830 (Metuchen and London, The Scarecrow Press, 1983) [Unitarian involvement with 4 pan-evangelical enterprises, the Socinian or Test Controversy in the Bible Society 1831-2]

War and peace

Ruston, Alan ‘Unitarian attitudes towards World War 1’ TUHS 21:4 (1998) 269-284

Smith, Leonard ‘The contribution of British naval officers to the advancement of nineteenth-century Unitarianism’ TUHS 26.1 (2015) 24-50

Women’s history

Armstrong, Isobel and Bristow, Joseph with Shannock, Catherine Nineteen-century women poets: an anthology (Oxford 1996, 1998)

[The following Unitarian poets or poets with Unitarian connections are represented in the anthology and all with short article on each poet: Ann Laetitia Barbauld (1743-1825) 10 poems, Anna Seward (?1742-1809) 1 poem, Joanna Baillie (1762-1851) 7 poems, Helen Maria Williams (?1761/2-1827) 7 poems, Lucy Aikin (1781-1864) 1 poem, Ann Taylor (1782-1866) & Jane Taylor (1783-1824) 3 poems, Mary Howitt (1799-1888) 2 poems became RC, Mary Leman Grimstone (?1800-1852) 3 poems,? Sara Coleridge (1802-1852) 3 poems, Frances Anne Kemble (1809-1893) 1 poem, Anne Brontë (1820-1849) 3 poems Universalist Bessie Rainer Parkes (Belloc) (1829-1925) 2 poems became RC, L. Ormiston Chant (1848-1923) 1 poem,? M . E. Coleridge (1861-1907) 9 poems, Brooks, Marilyn L. ‘Mary Hays: finding a “voice” in Dissent’ Enlightenment and Dissent 14 (1995) 3-24

Clark, Virginia ‘Moncure Conway and the ‘Woman Question’ in Ethical Record: the proceedings of the South Place Ethical Society 105:9 (October 2000) 3-9

Gilley, Keith ‘Gertrude von Petzold’ TUHS 21:3 (1997) 157-172

Gleadle, Kathryn The early feminists: radical Unitarians and the emergence of the women’s rights movement 1831-51 (London, 1995)

Gleadle, Katherine ‘British women and radical politics in the late Nonconformist Enlightenment c. 1780-1830’ in Vickery, A ed. Women, privilege and power: British politics 1750 to the present (2001) pp. 125-51

Goodman, Joyce and Leach, Camilla ‘Catherine Cappe (1774-1822) Unitarian education and women’s lives’ Faith and Freedom 51:2 (Autumn/Winter 1998) 117-128

Hague, Judy ed. A Century of the Women’s League 1908-2008 (British League of Unitarian and Free Christian Women, 2008)

Hamblin, F. J. ‘A minister’s wife of the eighteenth century’ TUHS 10:4 (1954) 185-192

Larsen, Timothy ‘”How many sisters make a brotherhood?” A case study in gender and ecclesiology in early nineteenth-century English Dissent’ Journal of Ecclesiastical History 49:2 (April 1998) 282-292

Macleod, Emma Vincent ‘Women at war: British women and the debate on the wars against Revolutionary France in the 1790s’ Enlightenment and Dissent 15 (1996)

Plant, Helen,’Gender and the aristocracy of dissent: A comparative study of the beliefs, status and roles of women in Quaker and Unitarian Communities’ (Ph.D thesis, University of York, 2000)

Tarrant, Dorothy ‘Unitarians and Bedford College’ TUHS 9:4 (1950) 201-206

Walker, Gina L and Ditchfield G M eds. ‘Intellectual Exchanges: Women and Rational Dissent’ (Enlightenment and Dissent, Issue 26, 2010)

Watts, Ruth E. The Unitarian contribution to the development of female education in England in the nineteenth century (MA thesis, University of Leicester, 1980)

Watts, Ruth E. ‘Radical Dissent and the emancipation of women 1780-1860’ Faith and Freedom 38:2 (Summer 1985) 71-82

Watts, Ruth E. Gender, power and the Unitarians in England, 1760-1860 (Longmans, 1998)

Watts, Ruth E. ‘Unlimited knowledge for all: Unitarians and education 1800-1860’ TUHS 22:1 (1999) 18-36

Watts, Ruth E. ‘Educational and cultural transfer: the case of Unitarian women from the late eighteenth century to 1860’ History of Education Society Bulletin (Spring 1995) 11-19

Watts, Ruth E. ‘Gentlemen and ladies: educational strategies for developing middle-class élite and the problems they raised’ International Standing Conference for the History of Education Gender Group Conference papers (Montreal, 1994) 1-10

Sellers, Ian ‘The Pro-Boer movement in Liverpool’ TUHS 12:2 (1960) 69-84

Short, Harry Lismer ‘Presbyterians under a new name: the later story’, Bolam, C.G. and others The English Presbyterians: from Elizabethan puritanism to modern Unitarianism (London, George Allen and Unwin Ltd, 1968) pp.274-286

Tayler, Robert From heaven to hell and back again: an autobiography (Croydon, Peter Tayler, c.1990]

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